The Negotiation and
Implementation of IPR Provisions in Free Trade Agreements: Experiences
and Lessons for Developing Countries
Organized by ICTSD, the World Bank Institute, and UNCTAD
World Meteorological Organisation, Geneva, Switzerland, 16th
Description | Documents
The World Bank Institute (WBI), the United Nations
Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) and the International
Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD) held a
Global Dialogue on TRIPS and Public Policy challenges: The Negotiation
and Implementation of IPR provisions in Free Trade Agreements:
Experiences and Lessons for Developing Countries on 16th April
2009 (9h30-17h00), at the World Meteorological Organization
(WMO), Room C1 (7bis, avenue de la Paix, 1211 Geneva).
The purpose of the Dialogue was to contrast different experiences
about implementation of intellectual property rights (IPR) provisions
in free trade agreements (FTAs) with a view to draw useful lessons
for developing countries in order to help them better prepare
themselves for future negotiation and implementation of FTAs.
Recent years have witnessed a proliferation of FTAs between
developed and developing countries as the multilateral trade
negotiations have stalled. The FTAs often contain ´TRIPS
plus´ provisions, going beyond the commitments made in
the WTO TRIPS Agreement. Two dimensions are of particular concern:
the effects of TRIPS plus provisions on public policy objectives
and the implementation of such provisions at the national level.
Developing countries are facing the concurrent pressures of
several groups that are pushing specific intellectual property
(IP) interests, notably the USA and Europe.
The purpose of this dialogue was to contrast different experiences
about implementation of IPR commitments taken in FTAs. As such,
the specific focus of the dialogue was novel: to assess to what
extent FTAs have triggered institutional and legislative changes
in signatory developing countries, and how complex it was to
undertake these reforms.
From the study and exchange of views regarding such implementation
questions, the dialogue sought to draw useful lessons for developing
countries in order to help them better prepare themselves for
future negotiation and implementation of FTAs.