on IPRs, Trade and Sustainable Development
Listservs and E-Journals
Offices | NGOs and Research Institutions
| Universities and Institutes
on Intellectual Property Rights (CIPR) has been set up
by the British government to look at how intellectual property
rights can work better for poor people and developing countries.
This website is intended as a means of communicating the work
of the Commission and, equally important, as a means by which
those interested in intellectual property issues and developing
countries can communicate their views to the Commission.
for Science, Policy, and Outcomes (CSPO) is an intellectual
network aimed at enhancing the contribution of science and
technology to society's pursuit of equality, justice, freedom,
and overall quality of life. The Consortium creates knowledge
and methods, cultivates public discourse, and fosters policies
to help decision makers and institutions grapple with the
immense power and importance of science and technology as
society charts a course for the future.
South Project: Ongoing Annotated Online Bibliography,
in coordination with Kent Law School, has assembled a team
of researches and 'front line practitioners' who are experts
in access to knowledge issues in countries of the South. Produced
is a dossier that will be freely available for download from
the web and distributed at conferences. This dossier will
provide detailed and graphic examples of how intellectual
property laws, regimes, and values systematically hinder and
block access to many spheres of knowledge.
- 3D ->
Trade - Human Rights - Equitable Economy promotes collaboration
amongst trade, development and human rights professionals, to
ensure that trade rules are developed and applied in ways that
promote an equitable economy.
is an Intellectual Property Network. Moreover, Delphion intellectual
asset management solutions empower business and intellectual
property (IP) professionals to analyze, manage and leverage
intellectual property assets - including ideas, patents and
licensing opportunities - to generate new levels of revenue
and profitability from R&D investments and IP portfolios.
& Mercado is a webportal in Spanish with information
about how to use intellectual property tools for commercialization
and marketing purposes.
Center for Intellectual Property and Information Technology
(ECIPIT) is an NGO working in the field of spreading awareness
of IPR, and exploitation of IT to serve the aim of development.
ECIPIT has cooperation relationships with many governmental
and non-governmental parties and organizations, on the local
level as well as the global one.
Resource Centre on IPRs is a gateway to information on
development issues, providing free and easy access to wide
range of high quality online resources.
network gives free patent information. esp@cenet is a free
service on the internet provided by the European Patent Organisation
through the EPO and the national offices of its members states.
Community Access and Benefit-sharing Portal aims to help
the EC achieving the objectives of the Convention on Biological
Diversity. It contain information on EC policy and legislative
measures related to ABS as well as links to web pages of international
organisations active in this field.
Pierce Law Center Intellectual Property Mall is an internationally
acclaimed Intellectual Property resource Website providing
information and links to the most valuable online resources
in the world. The IP Mall links to a unique collection of
intellectual property resources served up by the Franklin
Pierce Law Center (without exception continuously ranked by
U.S. News & World Report as one of the top five IP law
schools in the country ), as well as hundreds of others on
Through this website, those interested in learning more about
the topics of protection of geographical indications will
find information about the use of names that point to a specific
geographic place. It provides links to relevant rules in the
US, the EU and other countries, and also to regimes of international
organisations such as WIPO and WTO.
Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) is a website
designed to make the world's primary data on biodiversity
freely and universally available via the Internet. GBIF attempts
to increase the utility, availability and completeness of
primary scientific biodiversity information available on the
Portal of the University of Alicante on Intellectual Property
& Information Society is an international legal portal
specializing in industrial and intellectual property law promoted
by the professors of the Area of International Private Law
of the Law Faculty of the University of Alicante. It is directed
to researchers, students, and professionals in the world of
Intellectual and Industrial Property and Information Society.
Research project funded by the European Commision on the Implications
of the IPR Rules for Sustainable Development carried out by
Queen Mary, University of London working jointly with Ecologic,
Universidad de Alicante, IP Bulgaria, the Royal Institute
of International Affairs and the University of Warwick.
Menu is a website that provides resources and articles
pretaining to recent and regional IP issues.
Watchdog is The Source for Intellectual Property, Internet
& Antitrust Law. The pages of IPWatchdog.com provide
a free resource to a wealth of information on virtually every
topic associated with Intellectual Property.
The main objective of the IPR-Helpdesk is to assist potential
and current contractors taking part in Community funded research
and technological development projects on intellectual property
rights (IPR) issues. The IPR-Helpdesk advises also on Community
diffusion and protection rules and other issues relating to
IPR in international research projects. Another more global
objective of the action is to raise awareness of the European
research community on IPR issues, emphasising their European
Intellectual Property Research Centre's mission is to
facilitate and conduct advanced research into all aspects
of Intellectual Property, particularly the proper role of
intellectual property in the light of the new technologies.
Lives Research project hosted by the Queen Mary Intellectual
Property Research Institute, University of London. The project
gathers together interdisciplinary experts to consider intellectual
property protections and restrictions on life forms, and particularly
the impact on developing and least developed countries.
Grupo de Propiedad Intelectual (GPI). En el este sitio
web podrá encontrar noticias, artículos, enlaces
y otro contenido que se considera de interés para los
profesionales en el área de propiedad intelectual.
Este sitio web ha sido creado por un grupo de profesionales
uruguayos y es mantenido por colaboradores y autores de todo
el mundo, que desean intercambiar información a traves
de estas páginas.
Red de Indicadores de Ciencia y Tecnología -Iberoamericana
e Interamericana- (RICYT), de la
que participan todos los países de América,
junto con España y Portugal, fue constituida por el
Programa Iberoamericano de Ciencia y Tecnología para
el Desarrollo (CYTED) a partir de una propuesta surgida del
Primer Taller Iberoamericano sobre Indicadores de Ciencia
y Tecnología realizado en Argentina a fines de 1994.
Su puesta en marcha se hizo efectiva a fines de abril de 1995.
is a free-access, Internet-based network devoted to reporting
on and discussing those aspects of modern science and technology
that are relevant to sustainable development and the social
and economic needs of developing countries. SciDev.Net seeks
to empower both individuals and communities in developing
countries, increasing their ability to ensure the effective
contribution of science and technology to sustainable development,
and thus to the general improvement of health and economic
the Foreign Trade Information System, makes available information
about hemispheric integration and trade trends. This portion
of the site relates specifically to Intellectual property.
Network, IP and Competition Programme.
The Stockholm Network Intellectual Property and Competition
Programme was established in January 2005 and aims to achieve
four key objectives:First, to make the field of intellectual
property more mainstream and accessible to the general public.
Second, to increase the interaction between specialists
focusing on different aspects of intellectual property rights.
Third, to encourage discussion, as well as debates, on different
burning IP issues. Finally, and perhaps most importantly,
to promote European competitiveness.
the US Department of State website makes available news and
information pertaining to intellectual property in the United
States. It was created for key international audiences, such
as the media, government officials, opinion leaders, and the
general public in more than 140 countries around the world
Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO)
administers the laws relating to patents and trademark; advises
the Secretary of Commerce, the President of the United States,
and the administration on patent, trademark, and copyright
protection; advises the Secretary of Commerce, the President
of the United States, and the Administration on the trade-related
aspects of intellectual property.
and Electronic Journals
Journal of Biotechnology is a free
international scientific electronic journal, published only
in electronic format, that publishes gratuitously papers from
all areas related to Biotechnology. It covers from molecular
biology and the chemistry of biological process to aquatic
and earth environmental aspects, as well as computational
applications, biotechnology industry, policy and ethical issues
directly related to Biotechnology.
Intellectual Property Review is the leading international
journal in the intellectual property field, offering comprehensive
coverage and analysis of new developments and crucial litigation.
deals with the implications and importance of agricultural biotechnology
for food security, sustainable use of biodiversity, the environment
and food safety. It also covers the socio-economical, policy,
technical, legal (including intellectual property rights) and
ethical aspects of agricultural biotechnology. Also available
in French (FAO-BiotechNews-Fr) and Spanish (FAO-BiotechNews-Esp).
Strategy Today Electronic journal from bioDevelopments-International
Institute which focuses on international development and innovation
in agriculture, the environment and health.
Journal of Biotechnology,
Science, Technology and Innovation Program - Harvard University.
This journal provides an international forum and refereed authoritative
source of information in the field of Biotechnology and Biotechnics,
with emphasis on management and economics, as well as the political
and the social issues. It aims to disseminate knowledge; provide
a learned reference in the field; and establish channels of
communication between academic and research experts, policy
makers and executive in industry, commerce and investment institutions.
Patent News Service helps the people who are a victim
of the patents, or want to make sure they don't victimize
others with patents of dubious validity.
Health contains documents on Intellectual Property and
menu is a new, worldwide Internet
directory system aimed at users and researchers working in the
intellectual property field. The system is designed in a hierarchical
fashion with indexes by country or property type (eg patent,
trade mark etc). The system also includes features such as the
IP Conference and IP Office Holiday Calenders.
Strategy Today Electronic journal from bioDevelopments-International
Institute, with emphasis on biotechnology and access by developing
countries to proprietary technologies in agriculture, the environment
News Service. ETC group is dedicated to the conservation and
sustainable advancement of cultural and ecological diversity
and human rights. To this end, ETC group supports socially
responsible developments of technologies useful to the poor
and marginalized and it addresses international governance
issues and corporate power.
Intellectual Property Digital Library provides access
to intellectual property data collections hosted by the World
Intellectual Property Organization. These collections include
PCT (Patents), Madrid (Trademarks), Hague (Industrial Designs),
Article 6ter (State Emblems, Official Hallmarks, and Emblems
of Intergovernmental Organizations) among others
Centre for Technology Studies (ACTS)
is an international inter-governmental policy research and
training organization located in Nairobi, Kenya. The Centre's
activities focus on the implementation of Agenda 21 and related
conventions on biological diversity, climate change and desertification.
Intellectual Property Organization (OAPI)
is an international organization dedicated to promoting the
use and protection of works of the human spirit. These works
– intellectual property – are expanding the bounds of science
and technology and enriching the world of the arts. Through
its work, OAPI plays an important role in enhancing the quality
and enjoyment of life, as well as creating real wealth for
of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) aims to accelerate the
economic growth, social progress and cultural development in
the region, and to promote regional peace and stability. Its
members include Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos,
Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.
Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (CGRFA) is
a permanent forum where governments discuss and negotiate
matters relevant to genetic resources for food and agriculture.
The main objectives of the CGRFA are to ensure the conservation
and sustainable utilization of genetic resources for food
and agriculture, as well the fair and equitable sharing of
benefits derived from their use, for present and future generations.
The Commission aims to reach international consensus on areas
of global interest, through negotiations.
on Intellectual Property Rights, Innovation and Public Health
(CIPIH) established by the World Health Assembly in 2003.
The purpose of this web site is to share information and knowledge
regularly with all those interested in intellectual property
rights, innovation and public health. We will be launching a
new web site at the end of April with a new look that reflects
the individual identity of the Commission.
of the Parties on the Convention on Biological Diversity (COP)
is the governing body of the Convention on Biological Diversity
(CBD), and expedites implementation of the Convention through
the decisions it makes at its periodic meetings. The COP has
recently become very active in seeking recognition of the
principles of the CBD in other international forums, including
the WIPO and the WTO.
Seed Association (ESA) is the voice of the European seed
industry, representing the interests of those active in research,
breeding, production and marketing of seeds of agricultural,
horticultural and ornamental plant species.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
was founded in 1945 with a mandate to raise levels of nutrition
and standards of living, to improve agricultural productivity,
and to better the condition of rural populations. Today, FAO
is one of the largest specialized agencies in the United Nations
system and the lead agency for agriculture, forestry, fisheries
and rural development. An intergovernmental organization,
FAO has 183 member countries plus one member organization,
the European Community. Biotechnology
in Food and Agriculture
Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV)
is an intergovernmental organization with headquarters in
Geneva (Switzerland). It is based on the International Convention
for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants, as revised
since its signature in Paris on December 2, 1961. The objective
of the Convention is the protection of new varieties of plants
by an intellectual property right.
South Centre has grown out of the
work and experience of the South Commission and its follow-up
office, and from recognition of the need for enhanced South-South
co-operation. It is intended to meet the need for analysis
of development problems and experience, as well as to provide
intellectual and policy support required by developing countries
for collective and individual action in the international
Knowledge and Cultural Expressions. Intergovernmental Committee:
Documentation Center (grouped by Session)
Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).
Established in 1964 as a permanent intergovernmental body,
UNCTAD is the principal organ of the United Nations General
Assembly dealing with trade, investment and development issues.
The main goals are to maximize the trade, investment and development
opportunities of developing countries and assist them in their
efforts to integrate into the world economy on an equitable
Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Science and Technology
for Development Network (STDev). The STDev is designed
as a gateway to science and technology for development with
continuously updated information on best practices, partnering,
networking and financing opportunities for science and technology.
It will also provide succinct diplomacy briefings on important
science and technology issues to diplomats and policy-makers
to assist them in international negotiations involving science
and technology in international fora, particularly those that
take place at the World Trade Organization.
Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is the UN agency
for the promotion of development. It undertakes global and
regional advocacy and analysis to increase knowledge, share
best practices, build partnerships, mobilize resources and
promote enabling frameworks including international targets
for reducing poverty.
Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
(UNESCO). The main objective of UNESCO is to contribute
to peace and security in the world by promoting collaboration
among nations through education, science, culture and communication
in order to further universal respect for justice, for the
rule of law and for the human rights and fundamental freedoms
which are affirmed for the peoples of the world, without distinction
of race, sex, language or religion, by the Charter of the
United Nations. UNESCO has a long tradition in the protection
of culture and folklore. There are several international legal
texts signed under the auspices of UNESCO and relating to
intellectual property. These include the Universal Convention
on Copyrights (1952) the Recommendation on the Safeguarding
of Traditional Culture and Folklore (1989), and the Model
Law for the Protection of Folklore elaborated jointly with
Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) works to encourage
sustainable development by way of sound environmental practices.
Its activities cover a wide range of issues, from the atmosphere
and terrestrial ecosystems, the promotion of environmental
science and information, to an early warning and emergency
response capacity to deal with environmental disasters and
emergencies. UNEP has an Economics and Trade Programme (ETP),
which seeks to clarify the relationship among trade, environment
and development in order to design mutually supportive policies.
Nations High Commissioner on Human Rights (UNHCHR) promotes
universal enjoyment of all human rights by giving practical
effect to the will and resolve of the world community as expressed
by the United Nations. It plays the leading role on human
rights issues and emphasizes the importance of human rights
at the international and national levels . The Office of the
High Commissioner on Human Rights is the principle UN body
that administers the UN human rights treaties.
Health Organization The World Health Organisation, the
United Nations specialised agency for health, was established
on 7 April 1948. WHO's objective, as set out in its Constitution,
is the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level
of health. Health is defined in WHO's Constitution as a state
of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not
merely the absence of disease or infirmity. WHO is governed
by 192 Member States through the World Health Assembly. The
WHO section on globalisation,
trade and health.
Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)
is an international organization dedicated to promoting the
use and protection of works of the human spirit. These works
- intellectual property - are expanding the bounds of science
and technology and enriching the world of the arts. Through
its work, WIPO plays an important role in enhancing the quality
and enjoyment of life, as well as creating real wealth for nations.
Trade Organization (WTO) is the only global international
organization dealing with the rules of trade between nations.
At its heart are the WTO agreements, negotiated and signed
by the bulk of the world's trading nations and ratified in
their parliaments. The goal is to help producers of goods
and services, exporters, and importers conduct their business.
Organisations and Research Institutions
is one of the UK's largest development agencies. ActionAid
works in more than 30 countries in Africa, Asia, Latin America
and the Caribbean alongside poor and marginalised communities
to help them recognise, promote and secure their basic rights,
enhance their control over development work, and their ability
to defend their interests.
Group on Erosion, Technology and Concentration (ETC), formerly
Rural Advancement Foundation International (RAFI), is dedicated
to the conservation and sustainable advancement of cultural
and ecological diversity and human rights. To this end, ETC
group supports socially responsible developments of technologies
useful to the poor and marginalized and it addresses international
governance issues and corporate power.
Bioresources Development & Conservation Programme
(BDCP) is a non-for-profit, non-governmental,
knowledge based organization dedicated to creating innovative
mechanisms for sustainable development that encompass the
interface between health and the environment. The goal is
to provide communities with the tools and information they
need to preserve their self-sufficiency in an increasingly
industrialized world, while retaining as much of their cultural
framework as possible.
Innovation for Open Society (BIOS) is an initiative that
will develop and validate a new means for the cooperative invention,
improvement and delivery of biological technologies, drawing
inspiration from the open source software movement to forge
a 'protected commons' of knowledge and technology.
of the Earth: Ancient Wisdom for
Sustaining Culture, Livelihoods and Environments - a new,
independent Indigenous Peoples' initiative on intellectual
for International Environmental Law (CIEL) is a public
interest, not-for-profit environmental law firm founded in
1989 to strengthen international and comparative environmental
law and policy around the world. CIEL provides a full range
of environmental legal services in both international and
comparative national law, including: policy research and publication,
advice and advocacy, education and training, and institution
for the Management of IP in Health R&D (MIHR)'s concern
is with health in the developing countries and among the poor.
It seeks to find constructive ways to promote collaboration
among all sectors involved in improving access to needed drugs,
vaccines, diagnostics and other important health technologies.
for the Public Domain (CPD), a philanthropic foundation
based in Durham, North Carolina, is dedicated to the preservation
of a healthy and robust public domain . Its work is based
on the conviction that new legal regimes, social institutions
and transparent technologies must be created to reinforce
the information commons. The Center uses as a slogan the famous
Abraham Lincoln phrase: "Whenever there is a conflict between
human rights and property rights, the former must prevail".
for the Application of Molecular Biology to International Agriculture
(CAMBIA) is an international, independent non-profit research
institute pioneering Biological Open Source (BiOS) and Informatics
to support Patent Transparency. For more than a decade, CAMBIA
has been creating new enabling tools to foster innovation and
a spirit of collaboration in the life sciences.
Project on Technology (CPT) focuses on issues concerning
the production of and access to knowledge, including medical
inventions, information and cultural goods, and other knowledge
goods. Much of this work concerns intellectual property policy
and practices, as well as different approaches to the production
of knowledge goods and new incentive systems for investments
in medical and agricutural inventions.
Frontier Foundation (EFF) "is a group of passionate
people lawyers, volunteers, and visionaries
working in the trenches, battling to protect your rights and
the rights of web surfers everywhere. The dedicated people
of EFF challenge legislation that threatens to put a price
on what is invaluable; to control what must remain boundless".
et Développement Durable (Envirodev). Ce site portail
mobilise un réseau durable et actif sur les enjeux
actuels de l'économie de l'environnement. Il constitue
un système d'information solidaire francophone sur
les négociations commerciales multilatérales.
Il permet aux points de vue de la Communauté Francophone
de pouvoir se faire connaître dans les débats
of the Earth (FoE) is a national environmental organization
dedicated to preserving the health and diversity of the planet
for future generations. As the largest international environmental
network in the world with affiliates in 63 countries, Friends
of the Earth empowers citizens to have an influential voice
in decisions affecting their environment.
Genetic Resources Action International (GRAIN)
is an international non-governmental organisation
which promotes the sustainable management and use of agricultural
biodiversity based on people's control over genetic resources
and local knowledge.
Forum for Health Research is an organization focused on
correcting the 10/90 gap by focusing research efforts on diseases
representing the heaviest burden on the world's health and
facilitating collaboration between partners in both the public
and private sectors.
Health Action International (HAI) is a non-profit, global
network of health, development, consumer and other public
interest groups in more than 70 countries working for a more
rational use of medicinal drugs. HAI represents the interests
of consumers in drug policy and believes that all drugs marketed
should be acceptably safe, effective, affordable and meet
real medical needs. HAI also campaigns for better controls
on drug promotion and the provision of balanced, independent
information for prescribers and consumers.
Property Institute (IP Institute)'s purpose can be described
briefly as follows: "increasing the contribution of IP
to economic well-being to timely, relevant and authoritative
research and informing policy makers and public debate".
Property Watch: Transparency for Public Interest.
Intellectual Property Watch reports on the interests and 'behind
the scenes' dynamics which influence the design and implementation
of intellectual property policies. A non-profit initiative,
Intellectual Property Watch aims to increase transparency,
accountability and fairness in global intellectual property
Technology Development Group aims to demonstrate
and advocate the sustainable use of technology to reduce poverty
in developing countries.
Justice is an international civil liberties organization
that promotes balanced intellectual property law in a digital
is an EU research project, led by Chatham House in the UK,
to assess the impact of IPR rules on economic growth, environmental
protection and social goals.
Planck Institute for Intellectual Property, Competition and
Tax Law, Germany, is entrusted with
the task of comparative research in the field of national, european
and international intellectual and industrial property law,
i.e. the legal field devoted to the promotion and protection
of technical inventions, designs and models, works of literature,
art and science, trade marks and trade names as well as fair
competition. The Max Planck Institute is a research institute
within the Max Planck Society For The Promotion Of Science,
but does not undertake teaching or legal training.
sans Frontières (MSF) is an international humanitarian
aid organisation that provides emergency medical assistance
to populations in danger in more than 80 countries.
is a confederation of twelve non-governmental organizations
working together in more than 80 countries to find lasting
solutions to poverty, suffering and injustice. The Oxfams
are strategic funders of development projects; provide emergency
relief in times of crisis; and campaign for social and economic
Interest Intellectual Property Advisors Inc. (PIIPA) is
an international non-profit organization that makes intellectual
property counsel available for developing countries and public
interest organizations who seek to promote health, agriculture,
biodiversity, science, culture, and the environment.
Intellectual Property Resource for Agriculture is an initiative
by universities, foundations and non-profit research institutions
to make agricultural technologies more easily available for
development and distribution of subsistence crops for humanitarian
purposes in the developing world and specialty crops in the
"The alliance for better food and farming" advocates
food and agriculture policies and practices that enhance the
health and welfare of people and animals, improve the working
and living environment, enrich society and culture and promote
equity. They represent over 100 national public interest organisations
working at international, national, regional and local level.
Biodiplomacy Initiative: The Biodiplomacy Initiative identifies
a number of challenging research topics which are at the cutting
edge of international debates relating to the links between
biological and genetic resources and human, sovereign and cultural
conducts research and policy-oriented analysis and undertakes
capacity building in the area of new technologies, the opportunities
they present, the vectors for their generation and diffusion
and the nature of their economic and social impact, especially
in relation to developing countries.
African Agricultural Technology Foundation (AATF) is a
new and unique not-for-profit foundation facilitating and
promoting partnerships with public and private sector entities
designed to remove many of the barriers that have prevented
smallholder farmers in sub-Saharan Africa from gaining access
to existing agricultural technologies that could help improve
food security and reduce poverty. AATF's operations are based
in Africa and are led, managed and directed by Africans.
Biowatch South Africa is a non-governmental
organisation dedicated to monitoring and researching the implementation
of South African obligations towards the United Nations Convention
on Biological Diversity and related international agreements.
The overall aims of the organisation are to research and monitor
the commercialisation of biological diversity, to develop
national and international networks to enable this, and to
disseminate information on this topic.
African Regional Programme and Research Network for Biotechnology,
Biosafety and Biotechnology Policy Development (BIO-EARN).
The mission of the BIO-EARN Programme is to build capacity
in biotechnology in Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda and
promote appropriate research and related policies. The Programme
aims to use biotechnology in a sustainable manner in order
to help improve livelihoods, ensure food security, and safeguard
Network on Equity in Health in Southern Africa, is a network
of research, civil society and health sector organisations.
Equinet's main aim is to build alliances leading
to positive policies on health both the local and regional
levels. This is achieved by disseminating information and
stimulating an informed debate on equity in health in southern
Lawyering is a Nairobi-based firm which conducts research,
training, publishing and consulting in Intellectual property
(Including Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property)
in Kenya and Africa.
& Industrial Research & Development Centre (SIRDC),
Zimbabwe, is a National Technology Center which makes prudent
use of the tools of Science and Technology to provide Research
and Development services to industry to develop
competitive products and services that meet international
standards of quality. The overall goal of this mission is
to enhance the competitiveness of industry and promote sustainable
development of the country.
and Eastern African Trade Information and Negotiations Initiative
(SEATINI) is an African initiative to strengthen Africa's
capacity to take a more effective part in the emerging global
trading system and to better manage the process of Globalization.
It become an institute through the resolution of the Board
of Trustees at their meeting on the 4th of August 2001. The
mission is to strengthen Africa in World Trade: For an open,
equitable, rule-based, transparent, secure, non-discriminatory
and predictable trading system.
Law Centre for Southern Africa (TRALAC) is an independent
not-for-profit company.The organisaiton provides in-depth
research on international trade law matters, access to trade
law information and news, advice on trade law matters via
the web, as well as workshops and short training courses on
a range of trade issues.
and Research Support Centre (TARSC) is a non-profit organisation
in Zimbabwe. TARSC provides training, information, research
and capacity support on areas of public health, social policy,
food security, social protection, social and economic rights,
reproductive, gender and child rights and on civic-state relations.
TARSC works mainly in southern Africa and networks with non
government, government and academic organisations.
Action Campaign (TAC) was launched on 10 December 1998,
International Human Rights Day. Its main objective is to campaign
for greater access to treatment for all South Africans, by
raising public awareness and understanding about issues surrounding
the availability, affordability and use of HIV treatments.
TAC campaigns against the view that AIDS is a death
Unity & Trust Society (CUTS), India - Gene
Campaign is a national level organisation in India working
in the area of genetic resources. It opposes the privatisation
of the worlds genetic resources and is working to help
secure the rights of the custodians of these resources: tribal
communities and farm men and women of the developing countries.
The biological wealth of developing nations is under attack
from MNCs who are demanding patent rights as an instrument
of access and control for one of the most sought after raw
materials of the world.
of Intellectual Property (IIP), Tokyo. The objectives
of the Institute are to conduct study and research concerning
various domestic and overseas issues and to collect and supply
information for the purpose of promoting appropriate protection
and international harmonization of the intellectual property
and thereby contributing to the development of the industry
and economy of Japan.
Intellectual Property Research Center (KIPRC)'s objectives
are to study the domestic and international trend of IP as
well as newly emerging IP issues; to come up with efficient
countermeasures for domestic and international disputes on
intellectual property; to help the government and industries
set up their intellectual property strategies and policies.
(KV) is a Indian voluntary group working on environmental
education, research, campaigns, and direct action.
Swaminathan Research Foundation (MSSRF), India. The basic
mandate of MSSRF is to impart a pro-nature, pro-poor and pro-women
orientation to a job-led economic growth strategy in rural
areas through harnessing science and technology for environmentally
sustainable and socially equitable development.
Asia Watch on Trade, Economics and Environment (SAWTEE) is
a recognised, registered, non-profit, non-governmental organisation
launched in 1994. It aims to enable South Asian communities
to benefit from and minimise the harms of changing regional
and global economic paradigm.
Asia Regional Institute for Community Education (SEARICE)
focuses its efforts on the community-based conservation and
development of plant genetic resources, and on policy advocacy
and lobbying work related to the issues in agricultural bio-diversity,
bio-technology, intellectual property rights and access to
genetic resources. These activities are implemented at varying
degrees in the Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand,
Development Policy Institute (SDPI), Pakistan. The SDPI's
mission is to catalyse the transition towards sustainable
development, defined as the enhancement of peace, social justice
and well-being, within and across generations. The Sustainable
Development Policy Institute provides the global sustainable
development community with representation from Pakistan as
well as South Asia as a whole.
World Network, Malaysia, is an independent non-profit
international network of organisations and individuals involved
in issues relating to development, the Third World and North-South
issues. Its objectives are to conduct research on economic,
social and environmental issues pertaining to the South; to
organise and participate in seminars; and to provide a platform
representing broadly Southern interests and perspectives at
Kehati (Indonesian Biodiversity Foundation). Its mission
is in particular to support efforts of biological diversity
conservation and the sustainable utilization of biological
resources, yielding benefits to be more widely and equitably;
to assist in the endeavor of securing the empowerment of communities
and interest groups holding stakes in biological diversity
conservation; to support the development, enactment and adoption
of sustainable development policies.
Brasileira da Propriedade Intelectual (ABPI) é uma associação
sem fins lucrativos congrega empresas, escritórios de agentes
de propriedade industrial, escritórios de advocacia e especialistas.
Tem como objetivo o estudo da propriedade intelectual, em
todos os seus aspectos, notadamente o direito da propriedade
industrial, o direito autoral, o direito da concorrência e
a transferência de tecnologia, inclusive outros ramos que
tenham relação ou afinidade, pugnando pelo aperfeiçoamento
da legislação, doutrina e jurisprudência desses ramos do direito,
e se empenha na promoção de conferências, congressos, seminários,
simpósios e certames, editando inclusive publicações sobre
Paulista da Propriedade Industrial (ASPI). A ASPI tem
como principal finalidade difundir a Propriedade Intelectual
e colaborar no aperfeiçoamento dos profissionais que atuam
na área, por meio da organização de cursos, palestras, seminários
e grupos de estudos, organizados por seu Departamento Cultural,
bem como patrocinar e defender os interesses dos seus associados
perante os órgãos públicos e privados, especialmente perante
o Instituto Nacional da Propriedade Industrial - INPI.
is a private non-profit institution that, on one side, protects
the public interest in Brazil by acting on projects of relevant
social value (especially R&D in science); on the other,
it counts on an innovative organization, and a business oriented
managing structure which allows for the agility and flexibility
needed to perform well in the private sector. Its mission
is to ensure that the products extracted from the forest are
submitted to a complete R&D process to become industrialized
goods of high aggregate value, potentially competitive in
the world market of bioproducts. The use of natural resources
will be done in a sustainable way, and with full respect for
the rights of the peoples involved in screening.
de Derecho Ambiental y de los Recursos Naturales (CEDARENA)
- The Environmental and Natural Resources Law Center, Costa
Rica. The purpose of CEDARENA is to harmonize the relationships
between human beings and nature to improve the quality of
life. The mission of the association is to consolidate environmental
sustainability principles and values through the development
and practice of Law and Policy. Toward this end, CEDARENA
carries out a wide variety of projects dealing with different
aspects of environmental law.
Internacional de Política Económica para el
Desarrollo Sostenible (CINPE), Universidad Nacional, Costa
Rica. Es un instituto transdisciplinario de investigación
especializado en Política Económica, que también
desarrolla actividades de docencia, actualización profesional
y venta de servicios. Guiado por el objetivo de promover el
desarrollo sostenible, emplea como ejes orientadores el derecho
a una mejor calidad de vida, el aprovechamiento sostenible
de los recursos naturales, la paz, la democracia, el respeto
a la diversidad étnico-cultural y los derechos de las
Mexicano de Derecho Ambiental (CEMDA) es una organización
mexicana que tiene como principal objetivo fungir como un
CENTRO, a través del cual los distintos sectores sociales
puedan apoyarse para comprender mejor el Derecho Ambiental
y darle una aplicación útil en sus actividades
propias, con una visión de desarrollo sustentable.
is an open source website in Spanish.
Ecuatoriana de Estudios Ecológicos (EcoCiencia),
Ecuador. Su misión es conservar la diversidad biológica
mediante la investigación científica, la recuperación
del conocimiento tradicional y la educación ambiental,
impulsando formas de vida armoniosas entre el ser humano y la
Getulio Vargas. Centro de Tecnologia e Sociedade
O CTS é o Centro de Tecnologia e Sociedade da Escola de Direito
da Fundação Getulio Vargas no Rio de Janeiro. Sua missão institucional
é estudar as implicações jurídicas, sociais e culturais advindas
do avanço da tecnologia da informação, desenvolvendo projetos
relacionados àquelas áreas. O termo "sociedade" denota, assim,
a abertura disciplinar do CTS para as áreas não jurídicas. O
CTS desenvolve estudos e projetos principalmente nas seguintes
áreas: Propriedade Intelectual, Software Livre, Governança
da Internet e Privacidade na Internet.
Plenitud is an independent think tank in the Dominican
Republic, created to produce and disseminate information,
knowledge and values contributing to sustainable development.
One of its main areas of activity is health economics.
de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander
von Humboldt. The mission of the Humboldt Institute is
to promote, to coordinate and carry out research that contributes
to the conservation and sustainable use of the biological
diversity in Colombia.
Latinoamericano de Servicios Legales Alternativos (ILSA),
Colombia. Es una organización no gubernamental que
promueve una red de servicios jurídicos populares alternativos
en América Latina y el Caribe. ILSA es abierta a la
región, al servicio de las prácticas jurídicas
populares en todos los países, cuyo fortalecimiento
y cualificación se busca a través de la integración
y extensión de una red internacional que tiene como
área de trabajo el derecho desde un enfoque crítico
Nacional de Biodiversidad (INBio), Costa Rica. INBio is
a scientific institution with social orientation. It is non-profit
and for the public good. Its mission is promote a new awareness
of the value of biodiversity, and thereby achieve its conservation
and use to improve the quality of life. It is an institution
leader in the search and popularization of the knowledge about
biodiversity and its sustainable uses.
Peruana de Derecho Ambiental (SPDA), Peru. La SPDA es
una organización privada sin fines de lucro integrada
por profesionales en Derecho. Trabaja al servicio de la comunidad
peruana y también en el ámbito internacional,
con especial énfasis en la región latinoamericana,
a efectos de proteger el patrimonio ambiental de nuestros
países, de promover el uso sostenible de sus recursos
naturales y una calidad ambiental adecuada para beneficio
de todas las poblaciones, particularmente las menos favorecidas,
que requieren de urgente apoyo para alcanzar un nivel de vida
and Institute Programmes on Intellectual Property
| Latin America
Aberdeen Law School: Intellectual Property Law by Distance
AHRB Centre for Studies in Intellectual Property and Technology
d'Etudes Internationales de la Propriété Industrielle (CEIPI)
for Intellectual Property Law, Utrecht (Netherlands)
for Intellectual Property Rights (CIR), Leuven (Belgium)
für Informations-, Telekommunikations-und Medienrecht (ITM),
Westfaelische Wilhems-Universitaet, Muenster (Germany)
for Market Law and Intellectual Property, University of Stockholm
(Sweden) in Swedish
Unit, University of Cambridge (UK)
University, Faculty of Law (Sweden), in
- Maastricht University (Netherlands) Masters
Intellectual Property Law and Knowledge Management (LLM/MSc),
Contact person: Prof. A. Kamperman Sanders
School of Law, University of Manchester (UK)
Law School (UK)
Intellectual Property Research Institute at St Peter's College
Mary, University of London (UK)
Institute of Biotechnological Law and Ethics, University of
Federal Institute of Technology (ETH), Zürich (Switzerland))
Federal Institute of Intellectual Property (Switzerland))
Wallenberg Institute (Sweden)
Nations University INTECH, University for New Technologies
de Alicante (Spain)
Carlos III, Madrid (Spain)
Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, (Spain)
degli Studi di Torino (Italy); Master
of Law (LL.M.) in Intellectual Property, Post-Graduate Specialisation
Course in Intellectual Property by the University of Turin
de Grenoble (France)
Panthéon Assas, Paris (France)
de Nantes, (France)
de Liège (Belgium)
Worldwide Academy and Turin University (Italy)
for Innovation Law and Policy, University of Toronto
for Intellectual Property Policy, McGill Faculty of Law
of Victoria, British Columbia
Pacific Legal Institute, MD
University Washington Collere of Law Program on Intellectual
Property and the Public Interest
University, MA (The 14th Global Classroom Virtual Conference:
Cultural Geographic Indicators)
Center for Law & Technology, CA
Center for Internet & Society at Harvard Law School, MA
University School of Law, MA
for Advanced Study & Research on Intellectual Property (CASRIP),
University of Washington, WA
University School of Law, NC
Law School, NY
Pierce Law Center, NH
George Washington University Law School, NW
Gate University, School of Law, CA
Society Project, Yale Law School, CT
Property Law Society (IPLS) at Chicago-Kent College of Law,
John Marshall Law School, IL
Intellectual Property Law Institute (NIPLI), NW
Clara University, School of Law, CA
University Law School, MA
Tech University, Office of Intellectual Property & Technology
of Baltimore School of Law, MD
of Dayton School of Law, OH
of Florida, Levin College of Law, FL
of Pittsburgh School of Law, PA
of San Francisco School of Law, CA
of Texas School of Law, TX
of Wisconsin, WI
University in St Louis, School of Law, MO
State University Law School, MI