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Article 27.3(b) | Public Health | Traditional Knowledge | Geographical Indications | Convention on Biological Diversity | Technology Transfer | Article 71.1 | Non-violation | International Organisations

Related to article 27-3 (b) For documents submitted in 2006 | 2005-2004 | 2003-2002 | 2001-2000

Countries:

Kenya, on behalf of the African Group 

Title:

Council for Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights - Review of the provisions of article 27.3(b) 

Content /
Proposals:

Clarify scope of review. Extend implementation deadline till after Review. Clarify why exclusion does not extend to 'micro-organisms' and 'micro-biological processes'. Add interpretative footnote re sui generis confirming can include protection of indigenous and local community innovations; right to save and exchange seeds and sell harvest; prevent anti-competitive rights or practices threatening food security. Harmonise 27.3(b) and CBD. 

 

Date:

8 Nov 1999 

Reference:

IP/C/W/163 

 

Countries:

Cuba, Honduras, Paraguay and Venezuela 

Title:

Council for Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights - Review of Implementation of the Agreement under Article 71.1 - Proposal on Protection of the Intellectual Property Rights of the Traditional Knowledge of Local and Indigenous Communities  

Content /
Proposals:

Introduction. Proposal. 

 

Date:

5 Nov 1999 

Reference:

IP/C/W/166 

 

Country:

Norway 

Title:

Council for Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights - Review of the provisions of article 27.3(b) 

Content /
Proposals:

TRIPS and CBD should be mutually supportive. Note CBD art. 16.5. Need to consider benefit-sharing and ethics of patents on lifeforms. Should not alter delicate 27.3(b) wording. Consider disclosure of origin proposal. Sui generis should be flexible. 

 

Date:

3 Nov 1999 

Reference:

IP/C/W/167 

 

Country:

India 

Title:

Council for Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights - Review of the provisions of article 27.3(b) 

Content /
Proposals:

Scope of review: patenting of lifeforms; definition of 'micro-organisms', 'non-biological' and 'micro-biological processes'; sui generis systems. 

 

Date:

3 Nov 1999 

Reference:

IP/C/W/161

 

Countries:

Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Nicaragua and Peru 

Title:

Council for Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights - Review of the Provisions of Article 27.3(b) - Proposal on Protection of the Intellectual Property Rights Relating to the Traditional Knowledge of Local and Indigenous Communities 

Content /
Proposals:

Background. Proposal. 

 

Date:

3 Nov 1999 

Reference:

IP/C/W/165

 

Country:

US 

Title:

Council for Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights - Review of the provisions of article 27.3(b) 

Content /
Proposals:

US view of 27.3(b). Life form patentability, and benefits of this. Ethical questions. Sui generis protection. TRIPS and CBD. Protection for genetic resources and TK. 

 

Date:

29 Oct 1999

Reference:

IP/C/W/162

 

Country:

Brazil 

Title:

Council for Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights - Review of the provisions of article 27.3(b) 

Content /
Proposals:

Lifeform patentability. TRIPS and CBD. Contracts an insufficient solution for TK protection. Sui generis protection. 

 

Date:

29 Oct 1999 

Reference:

IP/C/W/164

 

Countries:

Cuba, Dominican Republic, Egypt, El Salvador, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Nigeria, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Uganda 

Title:

General Council - Preparation for the 1999 Ministerial Conference - Implementation Issues to be Addressed in the First Year of Negotiations 

Content /
Proposals:

Art 7 and 8 to be operationalised to promote technological transfer. Amend 27.3(b) in light of CBD and IU. 27.3(b) review to clarify artificial distinction between 'biological' and 'micro-biological' organisms and processes; ensure right to save and exchange seeds and sell harvest; prevent anti-competitive practices threatening food security. 

 

Date:

11 Oct 1999 

Reference:

WT/GC/W/355 

 

Countries:

Cuba, Dominican Republic, Egypt, El Salvador, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Nigeria, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Uganda 

Title:

General Council - Preparation for the 1999 Ministerial Conference - Implementation Issues to be Addressed Before/At Seattle 

Content /
Proposals:

Pending examination of TRIPS/CBD relationship, patents incompatible with CBD art.15 will not be granted. TRIPS art.64, paragraph 2, will be modified so that subparagraphs b and c of GATT 94 Art 23 shall not apply. Art.66.2 provisions shall be made obligatory and subject to periodic notification. Guidelines on categories of incentives shall be established. Art 27.3(b) implementation shall be 5 years from end of Review. List of 27.3(b) exceptions to patentability shall include drugs on WHO essential drugs list. 

 

Date:

11 Oct 1999 

Reference:

WT/GC/W/354 

 

Organisation:

Background note by the Secretariat. 

Title:

The relationship between the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and the Agreement on the Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS); with a focus on article 27.3 (b)

Content /
Proposals:

 

 

Date:

5 Oct 1999 

Reference:

WT/CTE/W/125

 

Country:

South Africa

Title:

Southern African Development Community (SADC), SADC Ministers' Agreed Negotiating Objectives for the Third WTO Ministerial Conference 

Content /
Proposals:

Members should retain flexibility and options for PVP, including sui generis. Review should seek to harmonise 27.3(b) and CBD. Microbiological processes could also be excluded from patentability. 

 

Date:

01 Oct 1999 

Reference:

WT/L/317 

 

Country:

Venezuela 

Title:

General Council - Preparation for the 1999 Ministerial Conference - Proposals Regarding the TRIPS Agreement (Paragraph 9(a)(ii) of the Geneva Ministerial Declaration) 

Content /
Proposals:

Include the principles of the CBD, and the Indian proposal prohibiting the grant of patents inconsistent with CBD art 15. Establish system to protect TK, and recognise rights of collective holders. Extend 27.3(b) exceptions to include WHO essential drugs. Extend incentives in art 66.2 to developing Members. Make art 7 and 8 operational. Establish mechanisms of support through e-commerce. 

 

Date:

6 Aug 1999 

Reference:

WT/GC/W/282 

 

Countries:

Kenya, on behalf of the African Group 

Title:

General Council - Preparations for the 1999 Ministerial Conference - The TRIPS Agreement 

Content /
Proposals:

TRIPS Council should clarify scope of review. Extend implementation deadline until after review. Patentability exclusion should extend to micro-organism and micro-biological processes. Add interpretative footnote re sui generis confirming can include protection of indigenous and local community innovations; right to save and exchange seeds and sell harvest; prevent anti-competitive rights or practices threatening food security. Harmonise 27.3(b), CBD, IU. 

 

Date:

6 Aug 1999 

Reference:

WT/GC/W/302

 

Country:

Bangladesh (LDCs) 

Title:

General Council - The Challenge of Integrating LDCS into the Multilateral Trading System - Coordinating Workshop for Senior Advisers to Ministers of Trade in LDCs in Preparation for the Third WTO Ministerial Conference 

Content /
Proposals:

Should be formal clarification that naturally-occurring plants and animals, their parts, gene sequences and essentially biological processes for production should not be granted patents. Patents inconsistent with CBD art 15 must not be granted. Members should retain flexibility re sui generis systems. 

 

Date:

13 Jul 1999 

Reference:

WT/GC/W/251

 

Country:

Japan 

Title:

General Council - Preparations for the 1999 Ministerial Conference. Proposal on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property 

Content /
Proposals:

IPR protection in TRIPS should be strengthened and harmonised. 

 

Date:

6 Jul 1999 

Reference:

WT/GC/W/242

 

Country:

Kenya 

Title:

General Council - Preparations for the 1999 Ministerial Conference - Contribution to the Preparatory Process 

Content /
Proposals:

Different interpretations of 27.3(b) exist, especially re sui generis. 27.3(b) should be amended to protect TK and farmers' rights. CBD and TRIPS should be harmonised. 

 

Date:

5 Jul 1999 

Reference:

WT/GC/W/233 

 

Countries:

EU 

Title:

General Council - Preparations for the 1999 Ministerial Conference - EC Approach to Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property in the New Round 

Content /
Proposals:

No lowering of standards or extension of transition periods. 

 

Date:

2 Jun 1999 

Reference:

WT/GC/W/193

 

Country:

India 

Title:

General Council - Preparations for the 1999 Ministerial Conference - Proposal on IPR Issues 

Content /
Proposals:

Proposal 1 - Transfer of technology. Proposal 2 - Biodiversity. Proposal 3 - Higher level of protection for geographical indications of goods. 

 

Date:

18 Feb 1999 

Reference:

WT/GC/W/147

 

Countries:

Canada, EC, Japan and US 

Title:

Council for Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights - Review of the Provisions of Article 27.3(b) 

Content /
Proposals:

Representative questions for TRIPS 27.3(b) review: Patent system questions. Plant variety protection systems. 

 

Date:

5 Feb 1999 

Reference:

IP/C/W/126

 

Country:

Egypt 

Title:

General Council - Preparations for the 1999 Ministerial Conference - General Council Discussion on the Built-In-Agenda 23-24 November 1998 

Content /
Proposals:

Patentable subject matter remains difficult issue, so status quo should not be altered at this stage. Need to examine TRIPS and CBD relationship. 

 

Date:

26 Jan 1999 

Reference:

WT/GC/W/136

 

Country:

US 

Title:

General Council - Preparations for the 1999 Ministerial Conference - General Council Discussion on Mandated Negotiations and the Built-In Agenda. 23 November 1998 

Content /
Proposals:

TRIPS Council in 1999 will consider eliminating the exclusion from patentability of plants and animals, and incorporating key UPOV provisions. 

 

Date:

19 Nov 1998

Reference:

WT/GC/W/115  

 
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