IPRsonline.org
Resources
Education
Resources
Resources
Resources


Official Submissions to the WTO
Available at the WTO Document Search Facility


Article 27.3(b) | Public Health | Traditional Knowledge | Geographical Indications | Convention on Biological Diversity | Technology Transfer | Article 71.1 | Non-violation | International Organisations

Traditional Knowledge

Country:

Note by the WTO Secretariat

Title:

Council for Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights

Content /
Proposals:

The relationship between the TRIPS agreement and the convention on biological diversity (CBD). Summary of issues raised and points made.

 

Date:

8 February 2006

Reference:

IP/C/W/368/Rev.1

 

Country:

Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Cuba, India and Pakistan

Title:

Council for Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights

Content /
Proposals:

The relationship between the TRIPS agreement and the convention on biological diversity (CBD) and the protection of traditional knowledge, technical observations on the United States submission

 

Date:

18 November 2005

Reference:

IP/C/W459

 

Country:

United States

Title:

Council for Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights

Content /
Proposals:

The relationship between the TRIPS agreement and the convention on biological diversity (CBD) and the protection of traditional knowledge, technical observations on the United States submission

 

Date:

10 June 2005

Reference:

IP/C/W449

 

Country:

Peru

Title:

Council for Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights

Content /
Proposals:

The relationship between the TRIPS agreement and the convention on biological diversity (CBD) and the protection of traditional knowledge.

 

Date:

8 June 2005

Reference:

IP/C/W447

 

Country:

Switzerland

Title:

Council for Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights

Content /
Proposals:

the relationship between the TRIPS agreement and the convention on biological diversity (CBD) and the protection of traditional knowledge and folklore and the review of implementation of the TRIPS agreement under article 71.1

 

Date:

30 May 2005

Reference:

IP/C/W446

 

Countries:

Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, India, Peru and Thailand

Title:

Council for Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights

Content /
Proposals:

the relationship between the TRIPS agreement and the convention on biological diversity (CBD) and the protection of traditional knowledge - elements of the obligation to disclose evidence of benefit-sharing under the relevant national regime

 

Date:

18 March 2005

Reference:

IP/C/W442

 

Countries:

The European Communities and their Member States 

Title:

Council for Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights 

Content /
Proposals:

Review of Article 27.3(b) of the TRIPS Agreement, and the relationship between the TRIPS Agreement and the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and the protection of traditional knowledge and folklore - "A Concept Paper".

 

Date:

17 Oct 2002 

Reference:

IP/C/W/383

 

Countries:

Brazil, China, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, India, Pakistan, Thailand, Venezuela, Zambia, Zimbabwe 

Title:

Council for Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights - The Relationship between the TRIPS Agreement and the CBD and the Protection of Traditional Knowledge 

Content /
Proposals:

Summary. A. Introduction. B. Relevant provisions in the Convention on Biological Diversity. C. The relationship between the TRIPS Agreement and the Convention on Biological Diversity. D. Proposal.

 

Date:

26 Jun 2002 

Reference:

IP/C/W/356

 

Countries:

Brazil, China, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, India, Pakistan, Thailand, Venezuela, Zambia and Zimbabwe 

Title:

Council for Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights - The Relationship between the TRIPS Agreement and the Convention on Biological Diversity and the Protection of Traditional Knowledge 

Content /
Proposals:

Summary. A. Introduction. B. Relevant provisions in the Convention on Biological Diversity. C. The relationship between the TRIPS Agreement and the Convention on Biological Diversity. D. Proposal. 

 

Date:

24 Jun 2002 

Reference:

IP/C/W/356 

 

Country:

Australia 

Title:

Council for Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights 

Content /
Proposals:

Review of Article 27.3(b).

 

Date:

2 Oct 2001 

Reference:

IP/C/W/310

 

Country:

Norway 

Title:

Council for Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights - Review of article 27.3(b) of the TRIPS agreement: the relationship between the TRIPS agreement and the Convention on Biological Diversity 

Content /
Proposals:

TRIPS/CBD: interaction but no legal conflict. Developed countries should provide technological assistance to developing countries. Benefit-sharing system should be established. Sui generis should be flexible. Consider disclosure of origin provision for TRIPS. 

 

Date:

29 Jun 2001 

Reference:

IP/C/W/293

 

Country:

Switzerland

Title:

Council for Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights - Review of article 27.3(b): the view of Switzerland 

Content /
Proposals:

Review to focus on scope of patentability and sui generis. Biotechnology should be patent-protected. 27.3(b) is balanced. UPOV is in foreground as sui generis. Breeders exemption and Farmers privilege important. CBD/27.3(b) mutually supportive. 

 

Date:

15 Jun 2001 

Reference:

IP/C/W/284 

 

Country:

US 

Title:

Council for Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights - Views of the US on the Relationship between the Convention on Biological Diversity and the TRIPS Agreement 

Content /
Proposals:

TRIPS provisions support measures that would implement CBD. 

 

Date:

13 Jun 2001 

Reference:

IP/C/W/257

 

Country:

Peru 

Title:

Council for Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights - Peru's Experience of the Protection of Traditional Knowledge and Access to Genetic Resources 

Content /
Proposals:

Peru's experience of protecting TK and access to genetic resources, at national and regional level. 

 

Date:

14 Mar 2001 

Reference:

IP/C/W/246

 

Country:

Japan 

Title:

Council for Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights - Review of the Provisions of Article 27.3(b) - Japan's View 

Content /
Proposals:

27.3(b) review is limited to the 'optional exclusion' and 'exceptional exclusion'. 27.3(b) and development; definition of 'micro-organisms', 'inventions' and 'discoveries'; sui generis and UPOV; ethical issues; TRIPS/CBD, disclosure of origin, benefit-sharing; TK and farmers' rights. 

 

Date:

11 Dec 2000 

Reference:

IP/C/W/236 

 

Country:

Brazil 

Title:

Council for Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights - Review of article 27.3(b) 

Content /
Proposals:

Scope of review needs clarifying. 27.3(b)/development merits discussion. Members should retain flexibility to exclude plant/animal patents. Need precise definition of 'micro-organisms'. Members should preserve flexibility on sui generis. 27.3(b) review must include ethical concerns about lifeforms patents. TRIPS/CBD should be supportive. So amend 27.3(b) to include disclosure of origin, TK used, evidence of benefit-sharing and prior-informed consent from government or community. 

 

Date:

24 Nov 2000

Reference:

IP/C/W/228 

 

Country:

US 

Title:

Council for Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights - Review of the provisions of article 27.3(b). Further views of the United States 

Content /
Proposals:

Definition of 'micro-organisms'. Sui generis PVP. Ethical considerations. TK. CBD / TRIPS compatibility. Access to genetic resources and benefit-sharing 

 

Date:

3 Oct 2000 

Reference:

IP/C/W/209

 

Countries:

Mauritius on behalf of the African Group 

Title:

Council for Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights - Review of the provisions of article 27.3(b) 

Content /
Proposals:

27.3(b) and development; technological issues re patent protection; sui generis protection; ethical issues; conservation and sustainable use of genetic resources; TK and farmers' rights. 

 

Date:

20 Sep 2000 

Reference:

IP/C/W/206

 

Country:

India 

Title:

Council for Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights - Protection of biodiversity and traditional knowledge - the Indian experience 

Content /
Proposals:

India's experience of protecting biodiversity and TK. 

 

Date:

14 Jul 2000 

Reference:

IP/C/W/198

 

Country:

India 

Title:

Council for Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights - Proposals on Intellectual Property Rights Issues 

Content /
Proposals:

Review TRIPS to consider operationalising arts 7 and 8 technological transfer. TRIPS/CBD relationship and national law. 

 

Date:

12 Jul 2000 

Reference:

IP/C/W/195

 

Country:

India  

Title:

Council for Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights - (Communication from India)  

Content /
Proposals:

Incorporate in TRIPS a provision that patents incompatible with CBD art 15 must not be granted. Art 64, paragraph 2 must be modified to clarify that subparagraphs b and c of GATT '94 shall not apply to TRIPS. Operationalise TRIPS art 7 and 8 by providing technological transfer. 

 

Date:

12 Jul 2000 

Reference:

IP/C/W/196

 

Countries:

Kenya, on behalf of the African Group 

Title:

Council for Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights - Review of the provisions of article 27.3(b) 

Content /
Proposals:

Clarify scope of review. Extend implementation deadline till after Review. Clarify why exclusion does not extend to 'micro-organisms' and 'micro-biological processes'. Add interpretative footnote re sui generis confirming can include protection of indigenous and local community innovations; right to save and exchange seeds and sell harvest; prevent anti-competitive rights or practices threatening food security. Harmonise 27.3(b) and CBD. 

 

Date:

8 Nov 1999

Reference:

IP/C/W/163

 

Countries:

Cuba, Honduras, Paraguay and Venezuela 

Title:

Council for Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights - Review of Implementation of the Agreement under Article 71.1 - Proposal on Protection of the Intellectual Property Rights of the Traditional Knowledge of Local and Indigenous Communities

Content /
Proposals:

Introduction. Proposal. 

 

Date:

5 Nov 1999 

Reference:

IP/C/W/166

 

Countries:

Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Nicaragua and Peru 

Title:

Council for Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights - Review of the Provisions of Article 27.3(b) - Proposal on Protection of the Intellectual Property Rights Relating to the Traditional Knowledge of Local and Indigenous Communities

Content /
Proposals:

Background. Proposal. 

 

Date:

3 Nov 1999 

Reference:

IP/C/W/165

 

Country:

India 

Title:

Council for Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights - Review of the provisions of article 27.3(b) 

Content /
Proposals:

Scope of review: patenting of lifeforms; definition of 'micro-organisms', 'non-biological' and 'micro-biological processes'; sui generis systems.  

 

Date:

3 Nov 1999 

Reference:

IP/C/W/161 

 

Country:

Norway 

Title:

Council for Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights - Review of the provisions of article 27.3(b) 

Content /
Proposals:

TRIPS and CBD should be mutually supportive. Note CBD art. 16.5. Need to consider benefit-sharing and ethics of patents on lifeforms. Should not alter delicate 27.3(b) wording. Consider disclosure of origin proposal. Sui generis should be flexible.

 

Date:

3 Nov 1999 

Reference:

IP/C/W/167

 

Country:

Brazil 

Title:

Council for Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights - Review of the provisions of article 27.3(b) 

Content /
Proposals:

Lifeform patentability. TRIPS and CBD. Contracts an insufficient solution for TK protection. Sui generis protection. 

 

Date:

29 Oct 1999 

Reference:

IP/C/W/164

 

Country:

US 

Title:

Council for Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights - Review of the provisions of article 27.3(b) 

Content /
Proposals:

US view of 27.3(b). Life form patentability, and benefits of this. Ethical questions. Sui generis protection. TRIPS and CBD. Protection for genetic resources and TK. 

 

Date:

29 Oct 1999 

Reference:

IP/C/W/162

 

Countries:

Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Nicaragua and Peru 

Title:

General Council - Preparation for the 1999 Ministerial Conference - Proposal on Protection of the Intellectual Property Rights Relating to the Traditional Knowledge of Local and Indigenous Communities 

Content /
Proposals:

Need studies on the most appropriate way to protect TK as a subject of IPRs. Initiate negotiations on legal framework to protect TK. 

 

Date:

12 Oct 1999 

Reference:

WT/GC/W/362

 

Countries:

Cuba, Honduras, Paraguay and Venezuela 

Title:

General Council - Preparations for the 1999 Ministerial Conference - Proposal on Protection of the Intellectual Property Rights of the Traditional Knowledge of Local and Indigenous Communities 

Content /
Proposals:

Introduction. Proposal. 

 

Date:

22 Sep 1999 

Reference:

WT/GC/W/329

 

Countries:

Canada, EC, Japan and US 

Title:

Council for Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights - Review of the Provisions of Article 27.3(b) 

Content /
Proposals:

Representative questions for TRIPS 27.3(b) review: Patent system questions. Plant variety protection systems. 

 

Date:

5 Feb 1999 

Reference:

IP/C/W/126

 
© ICTSD 2004 - Last Update: 05-Oct-2009